Spring Vegetable Gardening

Spring vegetable gardening brings unpredictable weather, probably the busiest season for a gardener and harvesting your first pick of lettuce, radishes and peas.

Now is the time to prepare your garden soil, finalizing your garden layout, get your seedlings started and start direct seeding and transplanting your vegetables.

It is important to start small especially if you are a first time vegetable gardener so you do not feel overwhelmed before you even start. Check out my 6 steps to a garden for some background information to get you started.

Remember to keep a journal of what you do in your garden and when you plant your vegetables. This is a valuable tool for referencing when planning your next season.

Check out our new article - Spring Gardening Tips for Small Spaces

Spring Vegetable Gardening in March


  • Soil building is important this month. Spring is the time to turn over your soil. It is important not to till your soil until it is dry enough. If there is water standing in your garden or if you can form a ball of soil in your hand and it does not easily break apart it is still too wet. Once your soil easily crumbles when you form a ball it is ready to till. Turn over any green manure you planted last fall. Add in soil amendments such as compost, seaweed, shredded leaves, and well composted animal manures to your beds. Adding a few inches of each will add organic matter and nutrients to your soil; however if you only have one or two of the items, use what you have. Try to stock pile the others for next spring. It is best to try to keep them covered and reasonably dry.
  • Weeds are starting to grow. As the weather turns warm the weeds start to grow so it is important to get a head start in controlling them. Doing it now will make it easier in a few months time. It is easier to hoe annual weeds when they are small and the soil is moist. Pick them up so they do not reseed themselves. Perennial weeds are best pulled while small and before their roots have a chance to grow deeper. Hand weed these trying to get as much of the root as possible. Learn more about weed control .
  • Sow indoors. Now is the time to start broccoli, cabbage, lettuce, celery, onions and tomatoes indoors. Tips on how to care for your seedlings .
  • Sow outdoors. Direct seed peas, beets, radish and spinach outside. Plant potato tubers. If you have a cold frame sow lettuce and salad greens in it.

Spring Vegetable Gardening in April


  • Make compost or manure tea. Now is the time to make teas to fertilize vegetables planted in March. Your lettuce and cabbage plants will especially like this now, giving them the boost they need to mature quickly. Learn how to make fertilizing teas.

  • Sow indoors. Plant eggplant, peppers, squash, cucumbers and lettuce indoors.
  • Sow outdoors. Direct seed carrots, lettuce, leeks, and beets. Do a second planting of spinach, radishes for succession harvesting. Transplant out the broccoli, cabbage, celery, onions sets and lettuce you started in March. If the weather is cool make sure your plants are protected .
  • Get into a regular watering schedule. It is important to keep young seedlings and transplants moist. Now is the time to get your irrigation equipment into your garden. Tips for watering your garden .
  • Mulch your beds. Mulching helps to keep weeds from growing, it keeps moisture in the soil as well as the warmth especially since the nights can still be cool. Check out which mulches are best for your garden site.
  • Check your garden for pests and insects. If you live in a wet climate now is the time slugs start moving around. Check out my slug control tips. Cutworms and maggots are out at this time of year as well. They chew young seedlings off at the soil line. Check out my pest control tips.

Spring Vegetable Gardening in May



  • Sow outdoors. Plant carrots, beets and lettuce again for harvesting in early summer. Once your soil warms up direct seed corn and bush beans. The soil is usually ready after a good week of sunny warm weather. Transplant out tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, cucumbers and squash when the weather is warmer, usually mid to late May. Stake your tomatoes.

  • Keep your beds free of weeds so the young seedlings and transplants are not competing for nutrients.
  • Hill your potatoes Using a hoe bring soil up covering most of the new growth, this gives the tubers extra protection from light so they do not turn green.

Keep harvesting and enjoying your spring vegetable garden of fresh peas, lettuce, spinach, early beets, baby carrots and radishes. Once you harvest it is important to fertilize and then sow the garden beds again so you can harvest more vegetables in the summer and fall.

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