Companion planting in the vegetable garden.

Companion planting is used to encourage beneficial pests and insects to your vegetable garden by:

  • Masking or hiding a crop from certain pests.
  • Producing an odor that confuses or deters pests or insects.
  • Drawing insects or pests away from a certain plant.
  • Creating a habitat for beneficial insects or pests.
  • Providing food for beneficial insects or pests.

Here is a list of vegetables and what are a good or poor companion planting for each.

VegetableGood CompanionPoor companion
AsparagusParsley, tomato Onion
Bean Beet, borage, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, corn, marigold, squash, tomato, strawberry Chive, fennel, garlic, leek
BeetCabbage, kohlrabiRunner bean
BroccoliBean, celery, dill, onion, oregano, potato, sage, rosemary, nasturtium Lettuce, strawberry, tomato
Brussel sproutsBean, celery, dill, nasturtium, potato, sage, rosemaryStrawberry
Cabbage Bean, beet, celery, dill, nasturtium, onion, oregano, potato, sage, rosemary Grape, strawberry, tomato
Carrot Bean, leek, onion, pea, radish, rosemary, sage, tomato Dill
CauliflowerBean, beet, celery, dill, nasturtium, onion, oregano, potato, sage, radishStrawberry, tomato
CeleryBean, cabbage, leek, onion, tomato
Corn Bean, melon, pea, squash
CucumberBean, broccoli, celery, Chinese cabbage, lettuce, pea , radish, tomatoSage, rue
EggplantPea, tarragon, thyme
KohlrabiBeet, onion Bean, pepper, tomato
LeekCarrot, celery Broad bean, broccoli
Lettuce Beet, cabbage, clover, pea, radish, strawberry
MelonCorn, sunflower
OnionBeet, cabbage, carrot, lettuce, potato, strawberry, tomatoBean, pea
PeaCarrot, corn, cucumber, eggplant, lettuce, radish, spinach, tomato, turnip
PepperBasil, carrot, lovage, marjoram, onion, oreganoFennel, kohlrabi
PotatoBean, cabbage, corn, lettuce, onion, petunia, marigold, radish Apple, pumpkin, tomato
PumpkinBean, corn, nasturtium, radishPotato
RadishBean, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, lettuce, pea, squash, tomatoGrape, hyssop
SpinachCabbage, celery, eggplant, onion, pea, strawberry
SquashBean, corn, mint, nasturtium, radish
Summer SquashBean, corn, min, nasturtium, radishPotato
TomatoAsparagus, basil, cabbage, carrot, onion, parsley, pea, sageFennel, potato
ZucchiniBean, corn, mint, nasturtium, radishPotato

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